The Norinco CQ was first introduced in the early 1980s. This weapon is chambered for 5.56x45mm cartridges and never entered service with the People’s Liberation Army and appears to be intended for sale as an export. Two variants of the CQ rifle are made: the CQ 5.56, also known as the CQ-311 or CQ M-311, the select-fire variant for Military/LE sales; and the CQ M311-1, the semiautomatic version for the civilian market. Later, a carbine variant has been introduced, called the CQ 5.56mm Type A. Like Chinese copies of the US M14 rifle the CQ never saw much Military use. However semi-auto sporter copies have been successful in the civilian market.
The Norinco CQ uses Type 6000-series aluminum alloy, which is lightweight but weaker and less corrosion-resistant than the M16A1’s Type 7075 aluminum. It is also less expensive and easier to mill. Internally, the CQ’s barrel features a 1 in 12-inch right-handed rifling twist rate. Rifling is designed to induce spin—and thus stability—on a bullet as it exits the barrel, and the rifling must match the particular bullet. In the CQ’s case, the 1 in 12-inch rifling is meant to stabilize the older 55 grain M193 round, not the more recent 62-grain SS109 armor piercing round or more recent bullets. Although the CQ will fire all of them, ballistic performance over distance will be degraded.
The original Norinco CQ rifle was a copy of the M16A1, and had a 20-inch barrel and fixed stock. The CQ-A carbine is a copy of the M4 carbine, with a 14.5-inch barrel and collapsible stock. Versions are also available with shorter 10-inch barrels and in the AK-47-compatible 7.62×39 caliber.
|Capacity/Magazine||30 Rds/2 magazines|